Contents

1 Introduction

The package is an R interface for HDF5. On the one hand it implements R interfaces to many of the low level functions from the C interface. On the other hand it provides high level convenience functions on R level to make a usage of HDF5 files more easy.

#Installation of the HDF5 package To install the rhdf5 package, you need a current version (>3.5.0) of R (www.r-project.org). After installing R you can run the following commands from the R command shell to install rhdf5.

install.packages("BiocManager")
BiocManager::install("rhdf5")

2 High level R-HDF5 functions

2.1 Creating an HDF5 file and group hierarchy

An empty HDF5 file is created by

library(rhdf5)
h5createFile("myhdf5file.h5")
## [1] TRUE

The HDF5 file can contain a group hierarchy. We create a number of groups and list the file content afterwards.

h5createGroup("myhdf5file.h5","foo")
## [1] TRUE
h5createGroup("myhdf5file.h5","baa")
## [1] TRUE
h5createGroup("myhdf5file.h5","foo/foobaa")
## [1] TRUE
h5ls("myhdf5file.h5")
##   group   name     otype dclass dim
## 0     /    baa H5I_GROUP           
## 1     /    foo H5I_GROUP           
## 2  /foo foobaa H5I_GROUP

Objects can be written to the HDF5 file. Attributes attached to an object are written as well, if write.attributes=TRUE is given as argument to h5write. Note that not all R-attributes can be written as HDF5 attributes.

A = matrix(1:10,nr=5,nc=2)
h5write(A, "myhdf5file.h5","foo/A")
B = array(seq(0.1,2.0,by=0.1),dim=c(5,2,2))
attr(B, "scale") <- "liter"
h5write(B, "myhdf5file.h5","foo/B")
C = matrix(paste(LETTERS[1:10],LETTERS[11:20], collapse=""),
  nr=2,nc=5)
h5write(C, "myhdf5file.h5","foo/foobaa/C")
df = data.frame(1L:5L,seq(0,1,length.out=5),
  c("ab","cde","fghi","a","s"), stringsAsFactors=FALSE)
h5write(df, "myhdf5file.h5","df")
h5ls("myhdf5file.h5")
##         group   name       otype   dclass       dim
## 0           /    baa   H5I_GROUP                   
## 1           /     df H5I_DATASET COMPOUND         5
## 2           /    foo   H5I_GROUP                   
## 3        /foo      A H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 2
## 4        /foo      B H5I_DATASET    FLOAT 5 x 2 x 2
## 5        /foo foobaa   H5I_GROUP                   
## 6 /foo/foobaa      C H5I_DATASET   STRING     2 x 5
D = h5read("myhdf5file.h5","foo/A")
E = h5read("myhdf5file.h5","foo/B")
F = h5read("myhdf5file.h5","foo/foobaa/C")
G = h5read("myhdf5file.h5","df")

If a dataset with the given name does not yet exist, a dataset is created in the HDF5 file and the object obj is written to the HDF5 file. If a dataset with the given name already exists and the datatype and the dimensions are the same as for the object obj, the data in the file is overwritten. If the dataset already exists and either the datatype or the dimensions are different, h5write() fails.

File, group and dataset handles are a simpler way to read (and partially to write) HDF5 files. A file is opened by H5Fopen.

h5f = H5Fopen("myhdf5file.h5")
h5f
## HDF5 FILE 
##         name /
##     filename 
## 
##   name       otype   dclass dim
## 0  baa H5I_GROUP               
## 1  df  H5I_DATASET COMPOUND   5
## 2  foo H5I_GROUP

The $ and & operators can be used to access the next group level. While the $ operator reads the object from disk, the & operator returns a group or dataset handle.

h5f$df
##   X1L.5L seq.0..1..length.out...5. c..ab....cde....fghi....a....s..
## 1      1                      0.00                               ab
## 2      2                      0.25                              cde
## 3      3                      0.50                             fghi
## 4      4                      0.75                                a
## 5      5                      1.00                                s
h5f&'df'
## HDF5 DATASET 
##         name /df
##     filename 
##         type H5T_COMPOUND
##         rank 1
##         size 5
##      maxsize 5

Both of the following code lines return the matrix C. Note however, that the first version reads the whole tree /foo in memory and then subsets to /foobaa/C, and the second version only reads the matrix C. The first $ in h5f$foo$foobaa$C reads the dataset, the other $ are accessors of a list. Remind that this can have severe consequences for large datasets and datastructures.

h5f$foo$foobaa$C
##      [,1]                             [,2]                            
## [1,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T" "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
## [2,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T" "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
##      [,3]                             [,4]                            
## [1,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T" "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
## [2,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T" "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
##      [,5]                            
## [1,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
## [2,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
h5f$"/foo/foobaa/C"
##      [,1]                             [,2]                            
## [1,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T" "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
## [2,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T" "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
##      [,3]                             [,4]                            
## [1,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T" "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
## [2,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T" "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
##      [,5]                            
## [1,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"
## [2,] "A KB LC MD NE OF PG QH RI SJ T"

One can as well return a dataset handle for a matrix and then read the matrix in chunks for out-of-memory computations. .

h5d = h5f&"/foo/B"
h5d[]
## , , 1
## 
##      [,1] [,2]
## [1,]  0.1  0.6
## [2,]  0.2  0.7
## [3,]  0.3  0.8
## [4,]  0.4  0.9
## [5,]  0.5  1.0
## 
## , , 2
## 
##      [,1] [,2]
## [1,]  1.1  1.6
## [2,]  1.2  1.7
## [3,]  1.3  1.8
## [4,]  1.4  1.9
## [5,]  1.5  2.0
h5d[3,,]
##      [,1] [,2]
## [1,]  0.3  1.3
## [2,]  0.8  1.8

The same works as well for writing to datasets.

h5d[3,,] = 1:4
H5Fflush(h5f)

Remind again that in the following code the first version does not change the data on disk, but the second does.

h5f$foo$B = 101:120
h5f$"/foo/B" = 101:120

It is important to close all dataset, group, and file handles when not used anymore

H5Dclose(h5d)
H5Fclose(h5f)

or close all open HDF5 handles in the environment by

h5closeAll()

The rhdf5 package provides two ways of subsetting. One can specify the submatrix with the R-style index lists or with the HDF5 style hyperslabs. Note, that the two next examples below show two alternative ways for reading and writing the exact same submatrices. Before writing subsetting or hyperslabbing, the dataset with full dimensions has to be created in the HDF5 file. This can be achieved by writing once an array with full dimensions as in Section or by creating a dataset. Afterwards the dataset can be written sequentially.

The chosen chunk size and compression level have a strong impact on the reading and writing time as well as on the resulting file size. In an example an integer vector of size 10e7 is written to an HDF5 file. The file is written in subvectors of size 10’000. The definition of the chunk size influences the reading as well as the writing time. If the chunk size is much smaller or much larger than actually used, the runtime performance decreases dramatically. Furthermore the file size is larger for smaller chunk sizes, because of an overhead. The compression can be much more efficient when the chunk size is very large. The following figure illustrates the runtime and file size behaviour as a function of the chunk size for a small toy dataset.

After the creation of the dataset, the data can be written sequentially to the HDF5 file. Subsetting in R-style needs the specification of the argument index to h5read() and h5write().

h5createDataset("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/S", c(5,8),
                storage.mode = "integer", chunk=c(5,1), level=7)
## [1] TRUE
h5write(matrix(1:5,nr=5,nc=1), file="myhdf5file.h5",
        name="foo/S", index=list(NULL,1))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/S")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [2,]    2    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [3,]    3    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [4,]    4    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [5,]    5    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
h5write(6:10, file="myhdf5file.h5",
        name="foo/S", index=list(1,2:6))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/S")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    6    7    8    9   10    0    0
## [2,]    2    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [3,]    3    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [4,]    4    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [5,]    5    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
h5write(matrix(11:40,nr=5,nc=6), file="myhdf5file.h5",
        name="foo/S", index=list(1:5,3:8))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/S")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    6   11   16   21   26   31   36
## [2,]    2    0   12   17   22   27   32   37
## [3,]    3    0   13   18   23   28   33   38
## [4,]    4    0   14   19   24   29   34   39
## [5,]    5    0   15   20   25   30   35   40
h5write(matrix(141:144,nr=2,nc=2), file="myhdf5file.h5",
        name="foo/S", index=list(3:4,1:2))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/S")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    6   11   16   21   26   31   36
## [2,]    2    0   12   17   22   27   32   37
## [3,]  141  143   13   18   23   28   33   38
## [4,]  142  144   14   19   24   29   34   39
## [5,]    5    0   15   20   25   30   35   40
h5write(matrix(151:154,nr=2,nc=2), file="myhdf5file.h5",
        name="foo/S", index=list(2:3,c(3,6)))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/S")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    6   11   16   21   26   31   36
## [2,]    2    0  151   17   22  153   32   37
## [3,]  141  143  152   18   23  154   33   38
## [4,]  142  144   14   19   24   29   34   39
## [5,]    5    0   15   20   25   30   35   40
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/S", index=list(2:3,2:3))
##      [,1] [,2]
## [1,]    0  151
## [2,]  143  152
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/S", index=list(2:3,c(2,4)))
##      [,1] [,2]
## [1,]    0   17
## [2,]  143   18
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/S", index=list(2:3,c(1,2,4,5)))
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4]
## [1,]    2    0   17   22
## [2,]  141  143   18   23

The HDF5 hyperslabs are defined by some of the arguments start, stride, count, and block. These arguments are not effective, if the argument index is specified.

h5createDataset("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/H", c(5,8), storage.mode = "integer",
                chunk=c(5,1), level=7)
## [1] TRUE
h5write(matrix(1:5,nr=5,nc=1), file="myhdf5file.h5", name="foo/H",
        start=c(1,1))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/H")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [2,]    2    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [3,]    3    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [4,]    4    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [5,]    5    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
h5write(6:10, file="myhdf5file.h5", name="foo/H",
        start=c(1,2), count=c(1,5))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/H")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    6    7    8    9   10    0    0
## [2,]    2    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [3,]    3    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [4,]    4    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
## [5,]    5    0    0    0    0    0    0    0
h5write(matrix(11:40,nr=5,nc=6), file="myhdf5file.h5", name="foo/H",
        start=c(1,3))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/H")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    6   11   16   21   26   31   36
## [2,]    2    0   12   17   22   27   32   37
## [3,]    3    0   13   18   23   28   33   38
## [4,]    4    0   14   19   24   29   34   39
## [5,]    5    0   15   20   25   30   35   40
h5write(matrix(141:144,nr=2,nc=2), file="myhdf5file.h5", name="foo/H",
        start=c(3,1))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/H")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    6   11   16   21   26   31   36
## [2,]    2    0   12   17   22   27   32   37
## [3,]  141  143   13   18   23   28   33   38
## [4,]  142  144   14   19   24   29   34   39
## [5,]    5    0   15   20   25   30   35   40
h5write(matrix(151:154,nr=2,nc=2), file="myhdf5file.h5", name="foo/H",
        start=c(2,3), stride=c(1,3))
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/H")
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8]
## [1,]    1    6   11   16   21   26   31   36
## [2,]    2    0  151   17   22  153   32   37
## [3,]  141  143  152   18   23  154   33   38
## [4,]  142  144   14   19   24   29   34   39
## [5,]    5    0   15   20   25   30   35   40
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/H",
       start=c(2,2), count=c(2,2))
##      [,1] [,2]
## [1,]    0  151
## [2,]  143  152
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/H",
       start=c(2,2), stride=c(1,2),count=c(2,2))
##      [,1] [,2]
## [1,]    0   17
## [2,]  143   18
h5read("myhdf5file.h5", "foo/H",
       start=c(2,1), stride=c(1,3),count=c(2,2), block=c(1,2))
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4]
## [1,]    2    0   17   22
## [2,]  141  143   18   23

A number of objects can be written to the top level group of an HDF5 file with the function h5save() (as analogous to the base R function save()).

A = 1:7;  B = 1:18; D = seq(0,1,by=0.1)
h5save(A, B, D, file="newfile2.h5")
h5dump("newfile2.h5")
## $A
## [1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
## 
## $B
##  [1]  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
## 
## $D
##  [1] 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0

##List the content of an HDF5 file

The function h5ls() provides some ways of viewing the content of an HDF5 file.

h5ls("myhdf5file.h5")
##         group   name       otype   dclass       dim
## 0           /    baa   H5I_GROUP                   
## 1           /     df H5I_DATASET COMPOUND         5
## 2           /    foo   H5I_GROUP                   
## 3        /foo      A H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 2
## 4        /foo      B H5I_DATASET    FLOAT 5 x 2 x 2
## 5        /foo      H H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 8
## 6        /foo      S H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 8
## 7        /foo foobaa   H5I_GROUP                   
## 8 /foo/foobaa      C H5I_DATASET   STRING     2 x 5
h5ls("myhdf5file.h5", all=TRUE)
##         group   name         ltype corder_valid corder cset       otype
## 0           /    baa H5L_TYPE_HARD        FALSE      0    0   H5I_GROUP
## 1           /     df H5L_TYPE_HARD        FALSE      0    0 H5I_DATASET
## 2           /    foo H5L_TYPE_HARD        FALSE      0    0   H5I_GROUP
## 3        /foo      A H5L_TYPE_HARD        FALSE      0    0 H5I_DATASET
## 4        /foo      B H5L_TYPE_HARD        FALSE      0    0 H5I_DATASET
## 5        /foo      H H5L_TYPE_HARD        FALSE      0    0 H5I_DATASET
## 6        /foo      S H5L_TYPE_HARD        FALSE      0    0 H5I_DATASET
## 7        /foo foobaa H5L_TYPE_HARD        FALSE      0    0   H5I_GROUP
## 8 /foo/foobaa      C H5L_TYPE_HARD        FALSE      0    0 H5I_DATASET
##   num_attrs   dclass          dtype  stype rank       dim    maxdim
## 0         0                                   0                    
## 1         0 COMPOUND   H5T_COMPOUND SIMPLE    1         5         5
## 2         0                                   0                    
## 3         0  INTEGER  H5T_STD_I32LE SIMPLE    2     5 x 2     5 x 2
## 4         0    FLOAT H5T_IEEE_F64LE SIMPLE    3 5 x 2 x 2 5 x 2 x 2
## 5         0  INTEGER  H5T_STD_I32LE SIMPLE    2     5 x 8     5 x 8
## 6         0  INTEGER  H5T_STD_I32LE SIMPLE    2     5 x 8     5 x 8
## 7         0                                   0                    
## 8         0   STRING     H5T_STRING SIMPLE    2     2 x 5     2 x 5
h5ls("myhdf5file.h5", recursive=2)
##   group   name       otype   dclass       dim
## 0     /    baa   H5I_GROUP                   
## 1     /     df H5I_DATASET COMPOUND         5
## 2     /    foo   H5I_GROUP                   
## 3  /foo      A H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 2
## 4  /foo      B H5I_DATASET    FLOAT 5 x 2 x 2
## 5  /foo      H H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 8
## 6  /foo      S H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 8
## 7  /foo foobaa   H5I_GROUP

##Dump the content of an HDF5 file The function h5dump() is similar to the function h5ls(). If used with the argument load=FALSE, it produces the same result as h5ls(), but with the group structure resolved as a hierarchy of lists. If the default argument load=TRUE is used all datasets from the HDF5 file are read.

h5dump("myhdf5file.h5",load=FALSE)
## $baa
## NULL
## 
## $df
##   group name       otype   dclass dim
## 1     /   df H5I_DATASET COMPOUND   5
## 
## $foo
## $foo$A
##   group name       otype  dclass   dim
## 1     /    A H5I_DATASET INTEGER 5 x 2
## 
## $foo$B
##   group name       otype dclass       dim
## 1     /    B H5I_DATASET  FLOAT 5 x 2 x 2
## 
## $foo$H
##   group name       otype  dclass   dim
## 1     /    H H5I_DATASET INTEGER 5 x 8
## 
## $foo$S
##   group name       otype  dclass   dim
## 1     /    S H5I_DATASET INTEGER 5 x 8
## 
## $foo$foobaa
## $foo$foobaa$C
##   group name       otype dclass   dim
## 1     /    C H5I_DATASET STRING 2 x 5
D <- h5dump("myhdf5file.h5")

##Reading HDF5 files with external software The content of the HDF5 file can be checked with the command line tool h5dump (available on linux-like systems with the HDF5 tools package installed) or with the graphical user interface HDFView (http://www.hdfgroup.org/hdf-java-html/hdfview/) available for all major platforms.

system2("h5dump", "myhdf5file.h5")

##Removing content from an HDF5 file As well as adding content to an HDF5 file, it is possible to remove entries using the function h5delete(). To demonstrate it’s use, we’ll first list the contents of a file and examine the size of the file in bytes.

h5ls("myhdf5file.h5", recursive=2)
##   group   name       otype   dclass       dim
## 0     /    baa   H5I_GROUP                   
## 1     /     df H5I_DATASET COMPOUND         5
## 2     /    foo   H5I_GROUP                   
## 3  /foo      A H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 2
## 4  /foo      B H5I_DATASET    FLOAT 5 x 2 x 2
## 5  /foo      H H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 8
## 6  /foo      S H5I_DATASET  INTEGER     5 x 8
## 7  /foo foobaa   H5I_GROUP
file.size("myhdf5file.h5")
## [1] 21915

We then use h5delete() to remove the df dataset by providing the file name and the name of the dataset, e.g.

h5delete(file = "myhdf5file.h5", name = "df")
h5ls("myhdf5file.h5", recursive=2)
##   group   name       otype  dclass       dim
## 0     /    baa   H5I_GROUP                  
## 1     /    foo   H5I_GROUP                  
## 2  /foo      A H5I_DATASET INTEGER     5 x 2
## 3  /foo      B H5I_DATASET   FLOAT 5 x 2 x 2
## 4  /foo      H H5I_DATASET INTEGER     5 x 8
## 5  /foo      S H5I_DATASET INTEGER     5 x 8
## 6  /foo foobaa   H5I_GROUP

We can see that the df entry has now disappeared from the listing. In most cases, if you have a heirachy within the file, h5delete() will remove children of the deleted entry too. In this example we remove foo and the datasets below it are deleted too. Notice too that the size of the file as decreased.

h5delete(file = "myhdf5file.h5", name = "foo")
h5ls("myhdf5file.h5", recursive=2)
##   group name     otype dclass dim
## 0     /  baa H5I_GROUP
file.size("myhdf5file.h5")
## [1] 21766

N.B. h5delete() does not explicitly traverse the tree to remove child nodes. It only removes the named entry, and HDF5 will then remove child nodes if they are now orphaned. Hence it won’t delete child nodes if you have a more complex structure where a child node has multiple parents and only one of these is removed.

#64-bit integers

R does not support a native datatype for 64-bit integers. All integers in R are 32-bit integers. When reading 64-bit integers from a HDF5-file, you may run into troubles. rhdf5 is able to deal with 64-bit integers, but you still should pay attention.

As an example, we create an HDF5 file that contains 64-bit integers.

x = h5createFile("newfile3.h5")

D = array(1L:30L,dim=c(3,5,2))
d = h5createDataset(file="newfile3.h5", dataset="D64", dims=c(3,5,2),H5type="H5T_NATIVE_INT64")
h5write(D,file="newfile3.h5",name="D64")

There are three different ways of reading 64-bit integers in R. H5Dread() and h5read() have the argument bit64conversion the specify the conversion method.

By setting bit64conversion='int', a coercing to 32-bit integers is enforced, with the risk of data loss, but with the insurance that numbers are represented as native integers.

D64a = h5read(file="newfile3.h5",name="D64",bit64conversion="int")
D64a
## , , 1
## 
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
## [1,]    1    4    7   10   13
## [2,]    2    5    8   11   14
## [3,]    3    6    9   12   15
## 
## , , 2
## 
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
## [1,]   16   19   22   25   28
## [2,]   17   20   23   26   29
## [3,]   18   21   24   27   30
storage.mode(D64a)
## [1] "integer"

bit64conversion='double' coerces the 64-bit integers to floating point numbers. doubles can represent integers with up to 54-bits, but they are not represented as integer values anymore. For larger numbers there is still a data loss.

D64b = h5read(file="newfile3.h5",name="D64",bit64conversion="double")
D64b
## , , 1
## 
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
## [1,]    1    4    7   10   13
## [2,]    2    5    8   11   14
## [3,]    3    6    9   12   15
## 
## , , 2
## 
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
## [1,]   16   19   22   25   28
## [2,]   17   20   23   26   29
## [3,]   18   21   24   27   30
storage.mode(D64b)
## [1] "double"

bit64conversion='bit64' is the recommended way of coercing. It represents the 64-bit integers as objects of class integer64 as defined in the package bit64. Make sure that you have installed bit64. The datatype integer64* is not part of base R, but defined in an external package. This can produce unexpected behaviour when working with the data.* When choosing this option the package bit64 will be loaded.

D64c = h5read(file="newfile3.h5",name="D64",bit64conversion="bit64")
D64c
## integer64
## , , 1
## 
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
## [1,] 1    4    7    10   13  
## [2,] 2    5    8    11   14  
## [3,] 3    6    9    12   15  
## 
## , , 2
## 
##      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
## [1,] 16   19   22   25   28  
## [2,] 17   20   23   26   29  
## [3,] 18   21   24   27   30
class(D64c)
## [1] "integer64"

#Low level HDF5 functions ##Creating an HDF5 file and a group hierarchy

Create a file.

library(rhdf5)
h5file = H5Fcreate("newfile.h5")
h5file
## HDF5 FILE 
##         name /
##     filename 
## 
## [1] name   otype  dclass dim   
## <0 rows> (or 0-length row.names)

and a group hierarchy

h5group1 <- H5Gcreate(h5file, "foo")
h5group2 <- H5Gcreate(h5file, "baa")
h5group3 <- H5Gcreate(h5group1, "foobaa")
h5group3
## HDF5 GROUP 
##         name /foo/foobaa
##     filename 
## 
## [1] name   otype  dclass dim   
## <0 rows> (or 0-length row.names)

##Writing data to an HDF5 file

Create 4 different simple and scalar data spaces. The data space sets the dimensions for the datasets.

d = c(5,7)
h5space1 = H5Screate_simple(d,d)
h5space2 = H5Screate_simple(d,NULL)
h5space3 = H5Scopy(h5space1)
h5space4 = H5Screate("H5S_SCALAR")
h5space1
## HDF5 DATASPACE 
##         rank 2
##         size 5 x 7
##      maxsize 5 x 7
H5Sis_simple(h5space1)
## [1] TRUE

Create two datasets, one with integer and one with floating point numbers.

h5dataset1 = H5Dcreate( h5file, "dataset1", "H5T_IEEE_F32LE", h5space1 )
h5dataset2 = H5Dcreate( h5group2, "dataset2", "H5T_STD_I32LE", h5space1 )
h5dataset1
## HDF5 DATASET 
##         name /dataset1
##     filename 
##         type H5T_IEEE_F32LE
##         rank 2
##         size 5 x 7
##      maxsize 5 x 7

Now lets write data to the datasets.

A = seq(0.1,3.5,length.out=5*7)
H5Dwrite(h5dataset1, A)
B = 1:35
H5Dwrite(h5dataset2, B)

To release resources and to ensure that the data is written on disk, we have to close datasets, dataspaces, and the file. There are different functions to close datasets, dataspaces, groups, and files.

H5Dclose(h5dataset1)
H5Dclose(h5dataset2)

H5Sclose(h5space1)
H5Sclose(h5space2)
H5Sclose(h5space3)
H5Sclose(h5space4)

H5Gclose(h5group1)
H5Gclose(h5group2)
H5Gclose(h5group3)

H5Fclose(h5file)

#Session Info

sessionInfo()
## R version 3.6.0 (2019-04-26)
## Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)
## Running under: Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
## 
## Matrix products: default
## BLAS:   /home/biocbuild/bbs-3.10-bioc/R/lib/libRblas.so
## LAPACK: /home/biocbuild/bbs-3.10-bioc/R/lib/libRlapack.so
## 
## locale:
##  [1] LC_CTYPE=en_US.UTF-8       LC_NUMERIC=C              
##  [3] LC_TIME=en_US.UTF-8        LC_COLLATE=C              
##  [5] LC_MONETARY=en_US.UTF-8    LC_MESSAGES=en_US.UTF-8   
##  [7] LC_PAPER=en_US.UTF-8       LC_NAME=C                 
##  [9] LC_ADDRESS=C               LC_TELEPHONE=C            
## [11] LC_MEASUREMENT=en_US.UTF-8 LC_IDENTIFICATION=C       
## 
## attached base packages:
## [1] stats     graphics  grDevices utils     datasets  methods   base     
## 
## other attached packages:
## [1] ggplot2_3.1.1    dplyr_0.8.0.1    rhdf5_2.29.0     BiocStyle_2.13.0
## 
## loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
##  [1] Rcpp_1.0.1           pillar_1.3.1         compiler_3.6.0      
##  [4] BiocManager_1.30.4   plyr_1.8.4           tools_3.6.0         
##  [7] bit_1.1-14           digest_0.6.18        evaluate_0.13       
## [10] tibble_2.1.1         gtable_0.3.0         pkgconfig_2.0.2     
## [13] rlang_0.3.4          microbenchmark_1.4-6 yaml_2.2.0          
## [16] xfun_0.6             withr_2.1.2          stringr_1.4.0       
## [19] knitr_1.22           bit64_0.9-7          grid_3.6.0          
## [22] tidyselect_0.2.5     glue_1.3.1           R6_2.4.0            
## [25] rmarkdown_1.12       bookdown_0.9         Rhdf5lib_1.7.0      
## [28] purrr_0.3.2          magrittr_1.5         scales_1.0.0        
## [31] codetools_0.2-16     htmltools_0.3.6      assertthat_0.2.1    
## [34] colorspace_1.4-1     labeling_0.3         stringi_1.4.3       
## [37] lazyeval_0.2.2       munsell_0.5.0        crayon_1.3.4